Posts tagged ‘Turkey’

April 8, 2017

US Strike in Syria: Failed Strategic Attempt or Previously Planned Strike?

by mkleit

On Wednesday the 6th of April 2017, two days before the US strike on Syria, a Syrian opposition member called an Arab diplomat saying “America will conduct an attack on Shouairat airport (Homs).” The latter transferred the news to a Syrian diplomat that, in turn, transferred it early Thursday to the Syrian command.

This is what the Security Specialist Vadislav Sheurgen said, and added “The US informed Russia previously through diplomatic channels with its plans to target Syria, and in turn, Russia informed its Syrian counterpart to evacuate its soldiers and equipment.”

In return, other Russian officials confirmed that they knew nothing about the US strike before it happened, and Moscow described what happened as an “aggression on a sovereign state”, and it announced that it will enhance Syria’s aerial defenses and halting cooperation with the US that prevented aerial conflicts over Syria.

What are the background information before the happenings of Friday dawn?

The US airstrike came before any true and objective investigation was made for the claimed “Khan Shikhoun Chemical attack”. Moreover, it didn’t get any international accreditation from the UN’s security council nor the US Congress, which means president Donald Trump needed to hasten the strike.

 

The first vital question is “why this hastening”?

First of all, because the media outburst that was caused by the death of the children prepared the globe for that, exactly like what happened post-9/11 in 2001 (despite the slight difference). Trump must’ve taken the global emotional opportunity and present himself as a humanitarian hero. So in that case, there’s no need for an investigation, with the accusation ready and decision already made.

Second, Trump wanted to strike the Syrian airport after two hours from dinner with the Chinese president, to send a strong warning message to China, saying “if you don’t stop North Korea, our missiles and jets are ready to do the same thing that we did in Syria”. For the past weeks, POTUS has been sending warning after warning to North Korea, whom performed Ballistic missiles tests a while ago, and said that if “China doesn’t move, he will do so himself to stop North Korea… and all options are open”.

But the question here is: did Trump inform his Chinese guest about the strike? That’s unknown, but the Chinese reaction was bound by calling all sides of the conflict for negotiations and stressed on political solutions, denouncing usage of barred weaponry. This means that China didn’t have its usual reaction, such as its Russian counterpart, and did not denounce the strike that didn’t have the security council’s approval.

Third, the strike came one night after the failure of the security council to take a unified decision concerning the chemical attack issue. Trump wanted to say that he doesn’t give any importance to the international coalition, especially that he has been supported by several nations, especially Arab Gulf states, Jordan, Turkey, and Israel. Unlike when Bush invaded Iraq with the opposition of France.

Fourth, the repercussions that the US airstrike on Mosul made, which killed tens of civilians, started to receive international condemnation, even calls to open a serious international investigation.

The key question here is “did the strike happen by mistake or was there someone who needed in get Trump involved into other options?” but the hastening of the strike on Syria was aiming to divert attention from Mosul’s “massacre” and shed light over Syria.

Fifth, the US strike came in midst of investigations with the Trump administration concerning cooperation with Russians, and there were several pressures being made and accusations of spying by some of the people close to Trump.

Sixth, the US strike also came after a meeting between both Iran’s and Russia’s presidents, where the latter two signed several military agreements with their Chinese counterpart.

 

 

After this, Trump would have two options left:

He, either, continues the battle with regional forces (Turkey, Israel, and Saudi Arabia) to put pressure on Iran, Hezbollah, and tries to halt Russia, or he goes to negotiations and mutual understanding, especially that his secretary of state, Rex Tellerson, will visit Moscow soon.

This US intervention in Syria is the first major military development since the Russian direct intervention, with means that the war in Syria has shifted from its local and regional players to its international ones.

Washington wants to set a foot directly in North or Eastern Syria, through political, military, and security methods, and it’s impossible that Trump will retreat from that, and Russia will never back-down from Syria because that would damage its role in the ME region, as well as cause a national security threat.

Keep in mind that days before the US strike, there was a blast in St. Petersburg’s metro station, the Russian opposition moved on the ground, and the Russian Ruble price went down. Iran also sees that its retreat from Syria will cause great damage on its security, politics, and coming elections.

July 17, 2016

Turkey’s Coup That Wasn’t

by mkleit

by 

Source

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As coups go, the Turkish effort was a study in ineptitude: No serious attempt to capture or muzzle the existing political leadership, no leader ready to step in, no communication strategy (or even awareness of social media), no ability to mobilize a critical mass within either the armed forces or society. In their place a platoon of hapless soldiers on a bridge over the Bosporus in Istanbul and the apparently uncoordinated targeting of a few government buildings in Ankara.

It was enough for President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, speaking on his cellphone’s FaceTime app, to call supporters into the streets for the insurrection to fold. That Erdogan will no doubt be the chief beneficiary of this turmoil, using it to further his push for an autocratic Islamist Turkey, does not mean that he staged it. The Turkish army remains isolated from society. It is entirely plausible that a coterie of officers believed a polarized and disgruntled society would rise up once given a cue. If so, they were wrong – and the error has cost more than 260 lives.

But in Erdogan’s Turkey, mystery and instability have become the coin of the realm. It is no wonder that conspiracy theories abound. Since an electoral setback in June 2015, the president has overseen a Turkey that is ever more violent. This dangerous lurch has enabled him to bounce back in a second election in November and portray himself as the anointed one averting mayhem. His attempt to blame, without any evidence, the attempted coup on Fethullah Gulen, a Muslim cleric and erstwhile ally living in Pennsylvania, forms part of a pattern of murkiness and intrigue.

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Through Erdogan’s fog this much seems clear: More than 35 years after the last coup, and almost two decades after the 1997 military intervention, Turks do not want a return to the seesawing military and civilian rule that characterized the country between 1960 and 1980. On the contrary, they are attached to their democratic institutions and the constitutional order. The army, a pillar of Kemal Atatürk’s secular order, is weaker. Every major political party condemned the attempted coup. Whatever their growing anger against the president, Turks do not want to go backward.

A successful coup would have been a disaster. Erdogan has massive support in the Anatolian heartland, particularly among religious conservatives. Mosques all over the country were lit through the night as imams echoed the president’s call for people to pour into the street. There can be little doubt that any military-controlled administration would have faced a Syria-like insurgency of Islamists and others. The blow to what is left in the Middle East of democratic institutions and the rule of law would have been devastating.

No wonder President Obama and Secretary of State John Kerry “agreed that all parties in Turkey should support the democratically-elected Government of Turkey, show restraint, and avoid any violence of bloodshed.”

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The problem is that “restraint” is not part of Erdogan’s vocabulary. As Philip Gordon, a former Special Assistant to Obama on the Middle East, told me: “Rather than use this as an opportunity to heal divisions, Erdogan may well do the opposite: go after adversaries, limit press and other freedoms further, and accumulate even more power.” Within hours, more than 2,800 military personnel had been detained and 2,745 judges removed from duty.

A prolonged crackdown on so-called “Gulenists,” whoever Erdogan deems them to be, and the Kemalist “deep state” (supporters of the old secular order) is likely. An already divided society will grow more fissured. Secular Turkey will not quickly forget the cries of “Allahu akbar” echoing last night from some mosques and from crowds in the streets.

A rapid push by Erdogan to reform the constitution through a referendum and create a presidency with sweeping executive powers is possible. He now has a case to say only such powers will keep enemies at bay.

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“It may well be that democracy has triumphed in Turkey only to be strangled at a slower pace,” Jonathan Eyal, the international director at Britain’s Royal United Services Institute, told me. There can be little doubt the expressions of support for Erdogan from western capitals came through gritted teeth.

For the Obama administration, the dilemmas of the Middle East could scarcely have been more vividly illustrated. When an Egyptian general, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, led a coup three years ago against the democratically elected president, Mohamed Morsi, Obama did not support the democratic government, as he has now in Turkey. The administration even avoided use of the word “coup” in Egypt. In effect, the president sided with the generals in the name of order.

True, Morsi was deeply unpopular. The Egyptian coup had massive support. It was a fait accompli by the time Obama weighed in. Still, principles in the Middle East are worth little. Policy often amounts to choosing the least bad option.

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In Turkey, the least bad – Erdogan’s survival – has prevailed. That does not mean much worse will not follow. A failed coup does not mean democracy is the winner. In fact, the worst of this prickly autocrat may now be unleashed upon Turkey, with America and its allies able to do little about it.

May 31, 2016

روبرت فيسك: السلطان «أردوغان» يبتز أوروبا لترحيل الأكراد

by mkleit
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الرئيس التركي رجب طيب أردوغان

لماذا يتعجل سلطان تركيا حصول شعبه على حق دخول الاتحاد الأوروبي دون تأشيرة؟ وخَطب الأسبوع الماضي قائلا إنه إذا لم يقفز الاتحاد الأوروبي إلى خانة التوقيع، سيفسد البرلمان التركي الصفقة برمتها، وكان هذا تلميحا بأنه سيترك هذا الجيش من اللاجئين العرب يبحرون مرة أخرى عبر بحر إيجه لليونان. أين الـ3 مليارات يورو التي وُعدت بها تركيا؟
ومع ذلك، سأل قليل من الأوروبيين عما إذا كان هذا الأمر المتعلق بالتأشيرة والسفر له علاقة بمجموعة معينة من الشعب التركي: الأكراد.

الأوروبيون، الذين يشاركون في حملة واسعة من الرشوة لوقف جحافل الفقراء الشرق أوسطيين الذين يصلون إلى أراضيهم، أهدروا رغبة «أردوغان» في الحفاظ على قوانينه الوحشية لمكافحة الإرهاب. أنجيلا ميركل التي وضعت هذه الصفقة الفظيعة لتجنب تكرار ما حدث لها العام الماضي، توارت بعيدا في الخلفية.

عدد من وزراء خارجية منطقة الشرق الأوسط (مع استبعاد السوريين نظرا لأنهم حالة خاصة) يعتبرون أن السلطان «أردوغان» يسعى بهذه الصفقة إلي توفير حل لأكبر مشاكله الداخلية، خاصة في المنطقة الجنوبية الشرقية من البلاد، التي يمثل فيها الأكراد غالبية السكان، من خلال تشجيعه لـ16 مليون مواطن كردي على الاستفادة من السفر للاتحاد الأوروبي بدون تأشيرة.

«هل تعتقدون أن أردوغان يتوقع أن يتزاحم شعبه على أوروبا لأنهم يريدون التسوق في باريس مثلا؟».. سؤال وجهه دبلوماسي عربي مقيم في بيروت، بروح حزينة وسلبية.

بالطبع، يود السلطان الانضمام إلي الاتحاد الأوروبي، لأنه يريد في الأساس الحصول على 3 مليارات يورو، ويعتزم الاحتفاظ بسلطاته الديكتاتورية المتزايدة. والعمال الضيوف الأتراك كانوا في أوروبا لعقود من الزمن.

لكن الشتات الكردي المتزايد في «شنجن أوروبا»، ربما أكثر من 1.5 مليون شخص، سيزداد بشكل كبير إذا انتهى بنزوح غالبية الأكراد في منطقة ديار بكر الفقيرة والمهمشة إلي ألمانيا والدنمارك والسويد للعيش هناك.

ولفهم ما يحدث، فإن الإمبراطورية العثمانية دمرت معظم سكانها المسيحيين في الإبادة الجماعية للأرمن، الذين وصل عددهم إلى مليون ونصف المليون شخص عام 1915، وشارك خلفاء أتاتورك في ذبح أكثر من 50 ألفا من الأكراد والعلويين بين 1937 و1938. ووسط حرب أخرى في كردستان تركيا، الناجمة عن رفض السلطان الحديث الالتزام بوقف إطلاق النار، أضاف حافزا لهجرة أخرى لغير الأتراك.. مرحبا بكم في الاتحاد الأوروبي.

نعم، أصبح مقدرا الآن أن يكون هناك مجرد «السفر بدون تأشيرة»، لكننا نعلم جميعا ماذا يعني ذلك. ونحن سنتحمل وصول مئات الآلاف من الأكراد حتى لا نرى وجوها هزيلة مرة أخرى أمام سلك الحدود.

التاريخ، بالطبع، يلعب حيلا غريبة وسط الجمر الذي لا يزال يتطاير دخانه الكثيف من عهد الإمبراطورية العثمانية القديمة. منذ 5 سنوات فقط، كنا نظن جميعا أن رجب طيب أردوغان الديمقراطي كان نموذجا للقيادة العربية في المستقبل. الرجل الذي أدار ظهره لـ«أتاتورك»، القدوة السابق لفقراء العالم العربي القديم، قد يكون مؤيدا للإخوان المسلمين، لكنه يؤمن بانتخابات حرة وصحافة حرة واقتصاد السوق وحملات واسعة النطاق لمكافحة الإرهاب، والسبب الأخير هو ما جعله الورقة الرابحة فورا في واشنطن ولندن وباريس، وكذلك وفر «الأهداف الناعمة» الأخرى، التي كانت مغطاة بقشرة من الاهتمام بحقوق الإنسان.

لكن الآن، السلطان القابع في قصره ذو الألف غرفة، المزودة بالكراسي الذهبية، يبدو أقرب للعثمانيين من أتاتورك، الرجل الذي كان من المفترض أنه يحتقره.

لا يزال السلطان يتحدث عن الشعارات، يتحدث عن إعادة إدخال اللغة العثمانية في الكتابة العربية، رغم أن الأرشيف العثماني عن الإبادة الجماعية للأرمن سيبقى مغلقا، يتحدث أيضا عن تشجيع السيدات على ارتداء الحجاب. لكن السلطان بدأ الآن يعمل كأنه الأب لشعبه.

من المفيد أن نتذكر أن دولة واحدة في أوروبا كانت تُكِن إعجابا هائلا لأتاتورك وأرضه الجديدة: ألمانيا النازية. وقد أشيد بالفوهرر التركي في الصحافة النازية لأسباب واضحة، إذ أعاد بلاده بعد الهزيمة من فرنسا وألمانيا في الحرب العالمية الأولي. كان يحكم دولة أطلق سراحها (من قبل العثمانيين) من أقلية مكروهة. كان يدير نظام الحزب الواحد إلي حد كبير، وقمع المعارضة بقسوة، وهمّش الدين.

لكن من هو «أردوغان» اليوم؟، الرجل الذي استأنف الحرب الكردية، والآن يريد ترحيلهم بدون تأشيرة سفر إلى أوروبا بسرعة؟ هل هو السلطان في قصره، سيد عظيم صاحب إمبراطورية خيالية، أم كما وصفه بشجاعة أحد الصحفيين الأتراك بأنه «طفل أتاتورك»؟ أنا لا أريد أن أقول إنه مزيج من الاثنين معا.

أعتقد أن «أردوغان» يحاول الجمع بين الأمرين. والد الأمة ومنظف الأرض، الأب الروحي والنموذج والقدوة لتركيا النقية، وإمبراطور الشرق الأوسط الذي يصل صوته من قصر الباب العالي مثل الرعد إلى قاعات ملوك الخليج.

وبالمناسبة، أين قرار الموافقة على السفر بدون تأشيرة إلى الاتحاد الأوروبي؟ أحضريها علي الفور أنجيلا. فأنت ستحصلين على الكثير من الأكراد في برلين، لكن إن وافقتِ أن تكوني المسؤولة عن اتفاقية الرشوة، فلا يمكن أن تشكي الآن من طلبات الجانب الآخر في الصفقة. وهذا ما يسمي «التدخل في الشؤون الداخلية لدولة ذات سيادة».

ترجمة غادة غالب – المصري اليوم

April 6, 2016

Armenia and Azerbaijan – The History Behind the Recent Tensions

by mkleit

Andrew Korybko

Source

 

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The unprecedented upsurge in violence along the Line of Contact between Armenia and Azerbaijan in Nagorno-Karabakh has raised universal concern that a larger conflict might be brewing, with some analysts seeing it as an outgrowth of Turkey’s destabilizing anti-Russian policies over the past couple of months.

As attractive as it may be to believe such that Azerbaijan is behaving as a total puppet of the West, such an explanation is only a superficial description of what is happening and importantly neglects to factor in Baku’s recent foreign policy pivot over the past year. It’s not to necessarily suggest that Russia’s CSTO ally Armenia is to blame for the latest ceasefire violations, but rather to raise the point that this unfolding series of militantly destabilizing events is actually a lot more complex than initially meets the eye, although the general conclusion that the US is reaping an intrinsic strategic benefit from all of this is clearly indisputable.

Instead of beginning the research from a century ago and rehashing the dueling historic interpretations that both sides have over Nagorno-Karabakh, the article at hand begins at the present day and proceeds from the existing on-the-ground state of affairs after the 1994 ceasefire, whereby the disputed territory has de-facto been administered as its own unrecognized state with strong Armenian support in all sectors. There’s no attempt to advocate one side or denigrate the other, but rather to objectively understand the situation as it is and forecast its unfolding developments.

In keeping with the task at hand, it’s essential that the point of analytical departure be an overview of Armenia and Azerbaijan’s latest geopolitical moves in the year preceding the latest clashes. Afterwards, it’s required that an analysis be given about the limits to Russia’s CSTO commitment to Armenia, which thus helps to put Russia’s active diplomatic moves into the appropriate perspective.

Following that, Part II of the article raises awareness about the US’ Reverse Brzezinski stratagem of peripheral quagmire-like destabilization along the post-Soviet rim and how the recent outbreak of violence is likely part and parcel of this calculated plan. Finally, the two-part series concludes with the suggested appeal that Armenia and Azerbaijan replace the stale OSCE Minsk Group conflict resolution format with a fresh analogue via their newly shared dialogue partner status under the SCO.

 

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Not What One Would Expect

Over the past year or so, Armenia and Azerbaijan’s geopolitical trajectories haven’t exactly been moving along the course that casual commentators would expect that they would. Before beginning this section, it’s necessary to preface it with a disclaimer that the author is not referring to the average Armenian or Azeri citizen in the following analysis, but rather is using their respective countries’ names interchangeably with their given governments, so “Armenia” in this instance refers to the Yerevan political establishment while “Azerbaijan” relates to its Baku counterpart.

This advisory note is needed in order to proactively prevent the reader from misunderstanding the author’s words and analyses, since the topic is full of highly emotionally charged elements and generally evokes a strong reaction among many, especially those of either of the two ethnicities.

 

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Armenian troops during clashes with Azerbaijan

 

Armenia:

The general trend is that the prevailing geopolitical stereotypes about Armenia and Azerbaijan are not as accurate as one would immediately think, and that neither country adheres to them to the degree that one would initially expect. It’s true that Armenia is a staunch and loyal Russian CSTO ally which maintains a presence of 5,000 troops, a handful of jets and helicopters, a forthcoming air defense shield, and possibly soon even Iskander missiles there, but it’s been progressively diversifying its foreign policy tangent by taking strong strides in attempting to reach an Association Agreement with the EU despite its formal Eurasian Union membership.

This has yet to be clinched, but the resolute intent that Yerevan clearly demonstrated in May 2015 raises uncomfortable questions about the extent to which its decision-making elite may have been co-opted by Western influences. The author was so concerned about this eventuality that he published a very controversial analysis that month explaining the various ploys by which the West has sought to woo Armenia over to its side, including the shedding of crocodile tears for its genocide victims during their centenary remembrance commemoration.

As is the established pattern which was most clearly proven by Ukraine, the more intensely that a geostrategically positioned country flirts with the West, the more susceptible that it is to a forthcoming Color Revolution attempt, so it’s unsurprising in hindsight that the “Electric Yerevan” destabilization was commenced just one month after the Armenian President was publicly hobnobbing with so many of his Western “partners”.

That anti-government push was a proto-manifestation of what the author later described in an unrelated work as “Color Revolution 1.5” technologies which seek to use “civil society” and “anti-corruption” elements as experimental triggers for testing the catalyzation of large-scale regime change movements. The geopolitical end goal in all of this, as the author wrote in his “Electric Yerevan” piece cited above, was to get Armenian nationalists such as Nikol Pashinyan into power so that they can provoke a continuation war in Nagorno-Karabakh that might conceivably end up dragging in Russia.

They thankfully didn’t succeed in this, and the sitting Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan has repeatedly underscored that Armenia does not want to see a conflict escalation in the disputed territory.

Strangely, despite the regime change attempt that the West tried to engineer against Armenia, Sargsyan still declared in early 2016 that “Armenia’s cooperation and development of relations with the EU remain a priority for Armenia’s foreign policy” and “expressed gratitude to the EU for their assistance in carrying out reforms in Armenia.” Also, the EU’s External Action Service reports that the two sides formally relaunched their negotiation process with one another on 7 December with the aim of reaching a “new agreement (that) will replace the current EU-Armenia Partnership and Cooperation agreement.”

An EU analyst remarked in March of this year that he obviously doesn’t believe that it will be identical to the Association Agreement that the EU had offered to Armenia prior to its Eurasian Union ascension, but that of course doesn’t mean that it couldn’t share many similarities with its predecessor and create geopolitical complications for Yerevan’s economic alliance with Moscow.

It must be emphasized at this point that while the Armenian state is still closely linked to Russia on the military-political level and formally part of the Eurasian Union, it is provocatively taking strong economic steps in the direction of the EU and the general Western community, disturbingly raising the prospect that its schizophrenic policies might one day engender a crisis of loyalty where Yerevan is forced to choose between Moscow and Brussels much as Kiev was artificially made to do so as well (and possibly with similar pro-Western urban terrorist consequences for the “wrong choice”).

 

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Armenian house destroyed due to Azerbaijan shelling

 

Azerbaijan:

On the other hand, while Armenia was bucking the conventional stereotype by moving closer to the West, Azerbaijan was also doing something similar by realigning itself closer to Russia. Baku’s relations with Washington, Brussels, Ankara, and even Tel Aviv (which it supplies 40% of its energy to via the BTC pipeline) are well documented, as is its geostrategic function as a non-Russian energy source for the EU (particularly in the context of the Southern Corridor project), so there’s no use regurgitating well-known and established facts inside of this analysis.

Rather, what’s especially interesting to pay attention to is how dramatically the ties between Azerbaijan and the West have declined over the past year. Even more fascinating is that all of it was so unnecessary and had barely anything to do with Baku’s own initiative.

What happened was that Brussels started a soft power campaign against Baku by alleging that the latter had been violating “human rights” and “democratic” principles, which resulted in Azerbaijan boldly announcing in September 2015 that it was cancelling the planned visit of a European Commission delegation and considering whether it “should review [its] ties with the European Union, where anti-Azeri and anti-Islam tendencies are strong.”

For a country that is stereotypically seen as being under the Western thumb, that’s the complete opposite of a subservient move and one that exudes defiance to the West. Earlier that year in February 2015, Quartz online magazine even exaggeratedly fear mongered that “Azerbaijan is transforming into a mini-Russia” because of its strengthening domestic security capabilities in dealing with asymmetrical threats.

While Azerbaijan’s resistance certainly has its pragmatic limits owing to the country’s entrenched strategic and energy infrastructural relationship with the West over the past couple of decades, it’s telling that it would so publicly rebuke the West in the fashion that it did and suggests that the problems between Azerbaijan and the West are deeper than just a simple spat.

Part of the reason for the West’s extreme dislike of the Azerbaijani government has been its recent pragmatic and phased emulation of Russia’s NGO security legislation which aims to curb the effectiveness of intelligence-controlled proxy organizations in fomenting Color Revolutions. Having lost its influence over the country via the post-modern “grassroots-‘bottom-up’” approach, it’s very plausible that the US and its allies decided to find a way to instigate Nagorno-Karabakh clashes as a means of regaining their sway over their wayward Caspian ‘ally’.

Amidst this recent falling out between Azerbaijan and the West and even in the years preceding it, Moscow has been able to more confidently position itself as a reliable, trustworthy, and non-discriminatory partner which would never interfere with Baku’s domestic processes or base its bilateral relations with the country on whatever its counterpart chooses to do at home.

Other than the unmistakable security influence that Russia has had on Azerbaijan’s NGO legislation, the two sides have also increased their military-technical cooperation through a surge of agreements that totaled $4 billion by 2013. By 2015, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute reported that Azerbaijan’s total arms spending for the five-year period of 2011-2014 had increased by 249%, with 85% of its supplies coming from Russia.

In parallel to that, it also asserted that Russia’s weapons exports to Europe for 2011-2015 increased by 264%, “mainly due to deliveries to Azerbaijan”. It’s plain to see that Russia isn’t treating Azerbaijan as though it were an unredeemable Western puppet state, but is instead applying a shrewd and calculated military balancing strategy between it and Armenia.

While unconfirmed by official sources, the head of the Political Researches Department of the Yerevan-based Caucasian Institute Sergey Minasian claimed in 2009 that Russia was supplying its Gyumri base in Armenia via air transit permission from Azerbaijan after Georgia banned such overflights through its territory after the 2008 war.

If this is true, then it would suggest that Russian-Azeri strategic relations are at their most trusted level in post-independence history and that Baku has full faith that Moscow will not do anything to upset the military balance in the Southern Caucasus, which of course includes the paranoid fear that some Azeri observers have expressed about Russia conspiring with Armenia to wage another war in Nagorno-Karabakh.

 

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Armenian troops during clashes with Azerbaijan

 

Strategic Calculations and CSTO Limits

Russia And Armenia:

Everything that was written above likely comes as a complete shock to the casual observer of international affairs because it flies in the face of presumed “logic”, but this just goes to show that the prevailing geopolitical stereotypes about Armenia and Azerbaijan are inaccurate and do not fully reflect the present state of affairs.

The common denominator between the two rival states is their evolving relationship with Russia, which as was just described, appears to be progressively moving in opposite directions. Again, the author does not intend to give the impression that this reflects popular sentiment in either country or its expatriate and diaspora communities, especially Armenia and its affiliated ethnic nationals, since the general attitude inside the country (despite the highly publicized “Electric Yerevan” failed Color Revolution attempt) and for the most part by its compatriots outside of it could safely be described as favorable to Russia.

This makes Yerevan’s pro-Western advances all the more puzzling, but that only means that the answer to this paradox lies more in the vision (and possible monetary incentives) of the country’s leadership than the will of its people. Still, the situation is not critical and has yet to approach the point where the pragmatic and trusted state of bilateral relations is endangered.

Russia And Azerbaijan:

That being said, to many conventional observers, Russia’s close military cooperation with Azerbaijan might seem just as peculiar as Armenia’s intimation of a forthcoming pro-Western economic pivot, but that too can be explained by a strategic calculation, albeit one of a much more pragmatic and understandable nature.

Russia has aspired to play the role of a pivotal balancing force between Armenia and Azerbaijan, and truth be told and much to the dismay of many Armenians, it did approve of UNSC Resolutions affirming Azerbaijan’s territorial integrity along its internationally recognized borders, specifically the most recent 62/243 one from 2008 which:

“Reaffirms continued respect and support for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Azerbaijan within its internationally recognized borders” and “Demands the immediate, complete and unconditional withdrawal of all Armenian forces from all the occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan”.

What’s happening isn’t that Russia is “betraying Armenia” like some overactive nationalist pundits like to allege, but that it’s maintaining what has been its consistent position since the conflict began and is abiding by its stated international guiding principle in supporting territorial integrity.

Key to this understanding is that the conception of territorial integrity is a guiding, but not an irreversible, tenet of Russian foreign policy, and the 2008 Russian peace-enforcement operation in Georgia that led to the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia and the 2014 reunification with Crimea prove that extenuating circumstances can result in a change of long-standing policy on a case-by-case basis.

This can be interpreted as meaning that Moscow at this stage (operative qualifier) does not support the independence of the self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, but to be fair, neither does Yerevan, although the Armenian state just recently repeated its previously stated position that it could recognize the Armenian-populated region as a separate country if the present hostilities with Azerbaijan increase.

Therefore, the main condition that could push Armenia to recognize Nagorno-Karabakh as an independent state and possibly even pressure Russia to follow suit would be the prolonged escalation of conflict around the Line of Contact.Geopolitical Consistency:

 

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Armenian troops during clashes with Azerbaijan

 

The Unification Conundrum:

As much as some participants and international observers might think of such a move as being historically just and long overdue, Russia would likely have a much more cautious approach to any unilateral moves that Armenia makes about recognizing the independence of Nagorno-Karabakh.

To repeat what was earlier emphasized about Russia’s political approach to this conflict, this would not amount to a “betrayal” of Armenia but instead would be a pragmatic and sober assessment of the global geostrategic environment and the likely fact that such a move could instantly suck Russia into the war.

As it stands, Russia has a mutual defense commitment to Armenia which makes it responsible for protecting its ally from any aggression against it, however this only corresponds to the territory that Russia internationally recognizes as Armenia’s own, thereby excluding any Armenian forces and passport holders in Nagorno-Karabakh.

If Armenia recognizes Nagorno-Karabakh as an independent state, it would likely initiate a rapidly progressing process whereby the two Armenian-populated entities vote for unification, which would then place Russia in the very uncomfortable position of having to consider whether it will recognize such a unilateral move by its ally and thereby extend its mutual defense umbrella over what would by then be newly incorporated and Russian-recognized Armenian territory.

On the one hand, Moscow wouldn’t want to be perceived as “betraying” its centuries-long Armenian ally and thenceforth engendering its unshakable hate for the foreseeable future, but on the other, it might have certain reservations about getting directly involved in the military conflict as a warfighting participant and forever losing the positive New Cold War inroads that it has made with Baku.

Russian-Azeri relations, if pragmatically managed along the same constructive trajectory that they’ve already been proceeding along, could lead to Moscow gaining a strategic foothold over an important Turkish, EU, and Israeli energy supplier and thus giving Russia the premier possibility of indirectly exerting its influence towards them vis-à-vis its ties with Baku.

In any case, the Russian Foreign Ministry would prefer not to be placed on the spot and in such a zero-sum position where it is forced to choose between honoring its Armenian ally’s unilateral unification with Nagorno-Karabakh and abandoning its potential outpost of transregional strategic influence in Azerbaijan, or pursuing its gambit to acquire grand transregional influence via Azerbaijan at the perceived expense of its long-standing South Caucasus ally and risk losing its ultra-strategic military presence in the country.

The Nagorno-Karabakh Question is thus a quandary of epic and far-reaching geostrategic proportions for Russia, which is doing everything that it can to neutrally negotiate between the two sides in offsetting this utterly destabilizing scenario and preventing it from being forced to choose a disastrous zero-sum commitment in what will be argued in Part II to likely be an externally third-party/US-constructed military-political dilemma.

Furthermore, both Armenia and Azerbaijan want to retain Russian support and neither wants to risk losing it, which also explains why Azerbaijan has yet to unleash its full military potential against the Armenian forces in Nagorno-Karabakh and why Armenia hasn’t unilaterally recognized Nagorno-Karabakh or made an effort to politically unite with it.

Conclusively, it can be surmised that the only actor which wants to force this false choice of “either-or” onto Russia is the US, which always benefits whenever destabilization strikes Moscow’s periphery and its Eurasian adversary is forced into a pressing geopolitical dilemma.

February 22, 2016

حلب: ما قبل وبعد

by mkleit

لا أقمنا في مكان وإن طاب ولا يمكن المكان الرحيل
كلما رحبت بنا الروض قلنا حلب قصدنا وأنت السبيل
فيك مرعى جيادنا والمطايا وإليها وجيفنا والذميل – أبو الطيب المتنبي

حلب للوارد جنة عدن وهي للغادرين نار سعير والعظيم العظيم يكبر في عينه منها قدر الصغير الصغير – أبو العلاء المعري

نفيت عنك العلة و الظرف و الأدبا”
و إن خلقت لها إن لم تزر حلبا
لو ألف المجد سفرا عن مفاخره
لراح يكتب في عنوانه حلبا” – الأخطل الصغير

 

Source: Reuters, Getty Images

February 19, 2016

Refugees behind the fence

by mkleit

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Photos Reuters for refugees waiting to cross fences on European borders.

September 2, 2015

The Syrian kid who killed the world

by mkleit

The body of a Syrian migrant child was washed ashore on a beach after a boat carrying 12 migrants heading to Greece sank off the coast of Mugla’s Bodrum district, Turkey on September 02, 2015.

and these images summarize the saddest story in history.

The boy was part of a group of 11 Syrians who drowned in the coastal town of Bodrum in Turkey

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July 31, 2015

Ottoman Hustler

by mkleit
Turkish president Recip-Tayyip Erdogan

Turkish president Recip-Tayyip Erdogan

Turkish president Recip-Tayyip Erdogan has understood the economic and geopolitical importance of the Iranian nuclear deal. Iran will have now more power in the Middle East to support its affiliates, especially Syria, which would diminish Erdogan’s hopes in toppling Bashar al-Assad’s regime. This would explain the policy-change Erdogan took towards ISIL, by supporting the US-led coalition against the terrorist group, and in return, US would support Turkey in toppling the Syrian regime and support his plan to create a buffer zone in Northern Syria.

Map of Middle East with Kurdistan

Map of Middle East with Kurdistan

The Turkish government has done its best to practice madness in politics and military in the past few weeks, and sometimes, schizophrenia. First, it has a dream to topple neighboring Syria’s regime, thus it supported armed opposition divisions, as well as radical brigades like Ahrar al-Sham and others. Then, it logistically aided ISIL, whom are anti-regime and anti-opposition and are looking for build their own state. And finally, bombing sites for Kurdish brigades, whom have their own dream of an independent Kurdistan. A dream that Turkey has always fought to stop, politically and militarily.

It’s not a surprise why the Turkish government would raid several PKK sites in Syria and Iraq, but it’s strange that this would happen after a terrorist attacks targeting a pro-Kurdish rally in Suruc, southern Turkey, on July 23rd, killing 32 persons and wounding 100 others. The Turkish government later on held ISIL responsibility of the attack. But wait a minute! Turkish government accuses ISIL yet it attacks Kurdish forces in Syria and Iraq? Yes.

Erdogan’s has succeeded in making use of the terrorist attack by launching air-strikes on the Kurds and ISIL at the same, with the Kurds suffering the most of it. In the end, Turkey wouldn’t go too far in bombing ISIL, the group that Turkey itself trained and opened routes in and out of Syria and Iraq, as well as opening a market for ISIL-connected oil smugglers coming from oil-rich areas of Deir al-Zour and Raqqa in Eastern and Northern Syria.

Kurdish fighters heading for Kobane in Northern Syria to fight ISIL

Kurdish fighters heading for Kobane in Northern Syria to fight ISIL

He also used the “humanitarian crisis” to support his claims during a press conference at one of Turkey’s airports before heading to China on the 28th of July, when saying that creating a buffer zone in Northern Syria “would help a million and 700 thousand refugees go back” and then adding “no peace process with those who endanger Turkish unity”, meaning the creation of an independent Kurdistan which would take part of Turkish lands. But the Turkish government, headed by Erdogan’s right-hand man, Ahmet Davutoğlu, is resuming talks with Turkish political parties, including the Kurds, to create the new government, which just adds to dichotomy.

But there’s a reason for this new rhetoric, since war a sign to escape the loss in the recent parliamentary elections and the upcoming government, as well as winning people’s support, by manufacturing fear and insecurity. Thus the war on the Kurds would make the latter think twice before forming Kurdistan, as well as joining Kurdish areas in northern Syria after it was dismantled by ISIL militants.

Erdogan making the ISIS beast a friendly pet

Erdogan making the ISIS beast a friendly pet

Although over six ISIL-related attacks occurred in Turkey and threats of more to come, as German intelligence warned Turkish governments of attacks targeting metro stations and malls in Istanbul; Turkey has not placed ISIL on its terrorist list yet.

Nonetheless, ISIL was able to succeed in one thing – if it was ever intentional; it loosened the Kurdish forces’ pressure on northern Syria by shifting the latter’s fights gradually towards the Syrian – Iraqi – Turkish joint borders, as well as letting Turkey focus on bombing Kurdish military sites in Iraq and Syria – as if Turkey never wanted that to happen.

While the Kurds have also made use of the ISIL attacks by forming their own local security forces in Kurdish cities in Southern and Eastern Turkey. Soon enough, roadblocks, identity checks, questioning of passengers, and prevention of state security from entering those areas will soon be evident in the aforementioned cities.

Through all this, the “war on terror” rhetoric that Erdogan has been waving recently, seems to be another PR campaign for his political party, in addition to a pretext to start a war on the Kurds, and possibly the Syrian army. But his newly-made war may turn into a war of three fronts: ISIL, Kurds, and Syrian army, which Erdogan wouldn’t be sure he could handle, knowing that the first two are inside Turkey already.

Published also on: Teleghraph

October 28, 2013

المخطوفين في أعزاز كانوا في عهدة المخابرات التركية

by mkleit

موضوع كتبته في اليوم الذي خرج منه المخطوفين اللبنانيين في أعزاز من أسر لواء عاصفة الشمال، حيث تبين ما كتبته صحيحا أول من أمس على لسان وزير العمل، سليم جريصاتي، بأن اللواء المذكور هو فرع مخابراتي تركي:

 Image

انتهت قضية المخطوفين اللبنانيين منذ بضعة ايام بعودة اللبنانيين التسعة والطياريّن التركيين الى ديارهم سالمين. وقد تمت بدفع ملايين الدولارات من قطر الى ما يسمى بلواء عاصفة الشمال وتحرير الطيارين المخطوفين، بالاضافة الى تحرير معتقلات سوريات في سجون الحكومة السورية، بينما الطرف الآخر ما عليه سوى اطلاق سراح اللبنانيين المحتجزين في أعزاز، الملاصقة للحدود التركية السورية. ولكن العملية لم تتم على أكمل وجه حيث ما زالت السوريات داخل السجن، رغم تخبط الأخبار حول وصولهم الى مطار أضنة في جنوب تركيا.

وفي الأطراف الثلاثة، اللبنانية-التركية-المعارضة السورية، لم يكن الخاسر سوى الأخيرة. فلبنان استعاد مخطوفيه وبرء ذمته مع الأتراك، أما تركيا فقد استرجعت طياريها وقبضت مبلغ 150 مليون دولار في العملية من الوسيط القطري. ولكن المعارضة السورية، أو من مثلها، أي لواء عاصفة الشمال، لم تكترث بتا ان حررن المعتقلات أم لا. بيد أنه لم يكن هذا المطلب الوحيد خلال السنة والخمسة أشهر التي خطف فيها اللبنانيون، بل بدأت المطالب بعدول حزب الله عن رأيه السياسي المعادي للثورة السورية، ومن بعدها الطلب من أمين عام حزب الله، السيد حسن نصر الله، الاعتذار من الشعب السوري لدعمه السياسي للرئيس بشار الأسد.

وقد تلاها جولات من الأعذار والمطالب التي لا ترتبط ببعضها البعض كانتماء المخطوفين الى حزب الله وأنهم عملاء لهم، بل جواسيس يعملون داخل الأراضي السورية. ولكن حرر المخطوفين ولم يثبت تعاملهم مع حزب الله ولا انتمائهم اليه، بل كانوا زوار عتبات اسلامية مقدسة في ايران ومروا برًا في الشمال السوري. ولم يعتذر السيد نصر الله ولم يغيّر الحزب رأيه المؤيد للنظام السوري.

ولكن السؤال الأبرز يتمحور حول أصل لواء عاصفة الشمال ولماذا اختفى بعد تحرير المخطوفين؟

قال سائق الباص من مخطوفي أعزاز أن المخابرات التركية هي من أوقفتهم وعصبوا أعينهم الى أن وصلوا الى أيدي اللواء المذكور، وقد وصلوا مطار اسطنبول أيضا بالطريقة ذاتها. وبذلك، كان أول ظهور رسمي للواء عاصفة الشمال في مدينة أعزاز شمال حلب. وانتهى بشكل غير رسمي بعد انتهاء الصفقة التركية-اللبنانية، دون اتمام شرط تحرير المعتقلات السوريات.

وتصف أوساط ناشطو المعارضة السورية من ما يسمى بجيش الاسلام والجيش السوري الحر وغيرها من الفصائل المسلحة لواء عاصفة الشمال بأنهم سارقون وينهبون “غنائم المعارك” غيرها. أما رموز القاعدة في سوريا، مما يسمى بدولة الاسلام في العراق والشام وجبهة النصرة وغيرهم، تسميهم بقطاع الطرق والمرتدين عن الثورة. فلماذا لم يعد هناك غير تركيا تتعاون مع هذا الفصيل السوري؟ لربما يكون السبب هو الوصول الى أهداف اقليمية تركية للضغط على حلفاء الأسد، وأبرزهم حزب الله، وبغطاء فصيل معارض سوري.

وعلى لسان مصادر وزارية لجريدة “السفير” اللبنانية، أنه لم تكن تريد الدولة اللبنانية أن يكون الخطف يقابله خطف مضاد من أجل تحرير اللبنانيين التسعة. ولكن عملية خطف الطيارين التركيين كانت عنصرا هامًا في معادلة الصفقة، حيث احرجت تركيا ولم تجد مخرجا من المأزق سوى الرضوخ لما طالب به أهالي المخطوفين اللبنانيين. فقام الشريك المالي لتركيا، امارة قطر، بتغطية نفقات الصفقة، بينما تركيا تولّت اللوجستيات. ولم يكن للمعارضة السورية أي كلام في الموضوع سوى وهم “تحرير المعتقلات السوريات في سجون النظام السوري”.

ولم يظهر لواء عاصفة الشمال في اي مكان بعد واقعي في حلب، بيد أنه احتل مركز مهم في الأخبار الالكترونية لنشطاء الثورة، حيث التهم اللواء انتقادات مؤيدي ما يسمى بالجيش السوري الحر والفصائل المسلحة الأخرى.

February 10, 2013

وثيقة كيفونيم الصهيونية التي تدعو لتقسيم سوريا منذ العام 1982

by mkleit

من قوميون عرب

للتذكير نحو وعي وطني ..: مجلة كيفونيم وثيقة صهيونية نشرتها عام 1982 تفتيت سورية وخلق وطن بديل بالاردن وتمزيق الدول العربية إلى دويلات وكيانات صغيرة على أسس عرقية ودينية هدف أولي لإسرائيل.. الشاهد السياسي ..: في إطار سعي موقع البعث ميديا لكشف مزيد من الحقائق التي تظهر تورط الكيان الصهيوني بالأحداث الأخيرة في الوطن العربي ولاسيما فيما يتعلق بسورية تمت العودة لوثيقة صهيونية نشرتها مجلة “كيفونيم” عام 1982 تؤكد أن الكيان الصهيوني يعمل منذ فترة طويلة على تمزيق الدول العربية إلى دويلات وكيانات صغيرة على أسس عرقية ودينية وهو لا يتوانى عن استخدام جميع الأساليب القذرة لتحقيق ذلك.

ففي مقال ـ تحت عنوان / إسرائيل الكبرى / ـ نشرته مجلة “كيفونيم” Kivonim النشرة التي تصدرها المنظمة الصهيونية العالمية في العدد 14 شباط 1982 – وهي النشرة الرسمية الناطقة باسم هذه المنظمة ـ تستعرض المنظمة الصهيونية العالمية بعضا من استراتيجية اسرائيل. وهدا النص يعري نوايا وخطط ومؤامرات الدولة اليهودية لتفتيت وتمزيق كل الدول العربية والاسلامية.

إلا أن مؤامرات كبرى على هذا النطاق الواسع لا تشكل مجرد عنترية صهيونية، بل تشكل خطرا حقيقيا لنشوب حرب عالمية ثالثة قد يستتبعه التورط في حرب نووية تؤدي الى انتحار كوكبنا الارضي. وهذه الخطط اليهودية الشيطانية لا يقتصر خطرها على جزء محدود من العالم، بل يهدد جميع الشعوب، تهديدا فعليا، نظراً لأن الدويلة اليهودية قد حققت فعلا ـ حتى الان ـ كل ما خططت له.

ونورد فيما يلي الفقرات الاكثر دلالة في المقال والذي يكشف عن أبعاد أحلام اليهود ومن يتطلعون الى “إسرائيل الكبرى”. ننشره حرفيا كما نشر في مجلة “كيفونيم” التي تصدرها “المنظمة الصهيونية العالمية” في القدس ( العدد 14 فبراير، شباط 1982 ).

“..ان استرداد سيناء، بمواردها الحالية هو هدفنا الأولي. وعلينا ان نعمل على استعادتها. ان وضع مصر الاقتصادي، وطبيعة نظامها، وسياستها العربية هي قنوات تصب في نقطة واحدة تستدعي من اسرائيل مواجهتها. ومصر وبحكم ازماتها الداخلية، لم تعد تمثل بالنسبة لنا مشكلة استراتيجية، وسيكون بالامكان، خلال 24 ساعة فقط، اعادتها الى ما كانت عليه قبل حرب يونيو (حزيران) 1967، فقد تلاشى تماماً وهمها بزعامة مصر للعالم العربي. وقد خسرت – في مواجهة اسرائيل خمسين بالمائة من قوتها. واذا هي استطاعت الافادة – في المستقبل المنظور – من استعادتها لسيناء، فان ذلك لن يغير في ميزان القوى شيئا. كذلك فقد فقدت تماسكها ومركزيتها، وخاصة بعد تفاقم حدة الاحتكاك بين مسلميها ومسيحييها، لذا ينبغي علينا كهدف سياسي اساسي بعد التسعينات على الجبهة الغربية، أن نعمل على تقسيم مصر وتفتيتها الى اقاليم جغرافية متفرقة.

وعندما تصبح مصر هكذا مجزأة، وبدون سلطة مركزية سنعمل على تفكيك كيانات ودول اسلامية اخرى كليبيا والسودان وغيرهما، ونعمل على تشكيل دولة قبطية في أعالي مصر، واقامة كيانات اقليمية انفصالية ضعيفة أخرى في كل البلدان الاسلامية، مما سيبدأ به تطور تاريخي حتمي على المدى الطويل. والمشاكل القائمة في الجبهة الغربية حاليا، تقل كثيراً عن مثيلاتها في الجبهة الشرقية.

ان تقسيم لبنان الى خمسة اقاليم، سيكون مقدمة لما سيحدث في مختلف ارجاء العالم العربي. وتفتيت سورية والعراق الى مناطق محددة على اسس المعايير العرقية او الدينية، يجب ان يكون – على المدى البعيد – هدفاً اولوياً لاسرائيل، علماً بان المرحلة الاولى منه تتمثل في تحطيم القوة العسكرية لدى هاتين ا الدولتين.

ان البنية الطائفية لسورية ستساعدنا على تفكيكها الى دولة شيعية على طول الساحل الغربي، ودولة سنية في منطقة حلب، واخرى في دمشق، وكيان درزي سيقاتل بدعمنا لتشكيل دولة انفصالية في الجولان ـ من حوران وشمالي المملكة الاردنية. ودولة كهذه من شأنها ان تكون ـ على المدى البعيد ـ قوة لنا. وتحقيق هذا الهدف هو في متناول ايدينا.

والعراق – الغني بنفطه، والفريسة للصراعات الداخلية، هو في مرمى التسديد الاسرائيلي. وانهياره سيكون ـ بالنسبة الينا ـ اهم من انهيار سورية، لان العراق يمثل اقوى تهديد لاسرائيل، في المدى المنظور. واندلاع حرب بينه وبين سورية سيسهل انهياره الداخلي، قبل ان يتمكن من توجيه حملة واسعة النطاق ضدنا علماً بان كل مواجهة بين عرب وعرب، ستكون مفيدة جدا لنا، لأنها ستقرب ساعة الانفجار المرتقب. ومن الممكن ان تعجل الحرب الحالية مع ايران.

ثم ان شبه جزيرة العرب مهيأة لتفكك وانهيار من هذا القبيل، تحت ضغوط داخلية. كما هو الحال في المملكة العربية السعودية بالذات حيث يتمشى اشتداد الازمات الداخلية وسقوط النظام الملكي، مع منطق بنيتها السياسية الراهنة.

وتعتبر المملكة الاردنية هدفاً استراتيجياً لنا في الوقت الحاضر.

وهي لن تشكل – في المدى البعيد – تهديداً لنا، بعد تفككها ونهاية حكم الحسين، وانتقال السلطة الى يد الاكثرية الفلسطينية. وهو ما ينبغي على السياسة الاسرائيلية ان تتطلع اليه وتعمل من أجله. ان هذا التغيير سيعني حل مشكلة الضفة الغربية، ذات الكثافة الشديدة من السكان العرب. اذ ان هجرة هؤلاء العرب الى الشرق نحو الأردن ـ سلماً او حرباً ـ وتجميد وتوقيف نمومهم الاقتصادي والديموغرافي، هما ضمانة للتحولات القادمة التي سنفرضها، وعلينا بذل كل الجهود من اجل الاسراع بهذا المسار. ويجب استبعاد ورفض خطة الحكم الذاتي، أو أي خطة أخرى تهدف الى تسوية او الى مشاركة أو تعايش.

على العرب الاسرائيليين ـ وضمناً كل الفلسطينيين، ان نجعلهم بالقوة يقتنعون انهم لن يستطيعوا اقامة وطن ودولة الا في المملكة الاردنية، ولن يعرفوا الأمان إلاّ باعترافهم بالسيادة اليهودية فيما بين البحر المتوسط ونهر الاردن.

وفي عصر الذرة هذا، لم يعد ممكناً قبول تزاحم ارباع السكان اليهود داخل منطقة ساحلية مكتظة ومعرضة لتقلبات الطبيعة. لذا، فان تشتيت وابعاد العرب هو من اولى واجبات سياستنا الداخلية. ف”يهودا والسامرة والجليل” ـ الضفة الغربية ـ هي الضمانات الوحيدة لبقائنا الوطني، واذا لم نصبح الاكثرية في المناطق الجبلية، فيخشى ان نواجه مصير الصليبيين، الذين فقدوا هذه البلاد. كما ان اعادة التوازن على الصعيد الديموغرافي والاستراتيجي والاقتصادي، يجب ان يكون مطمحاً رئيسياً لنا. وهذا ينطوي على ضرورة السيطرة على الموارد المائية في المنطقة كلها الواقعة بين بئر السبع والجليل الاعلى، والخالية من اليهود حالياً”.

امّا مبادئ المخطط الصهيوني اليهودي فهي:

1 ـ محاربة الدين وإسقاط أنظمة الحكم غير الموالية لليهود، من خلال تمويل الحركات الهدامة والانفصالية ذات الأفكار التحررية واليسارية وتمويل المنتصر منها بالقروض.

2 ـ ضرورة المحافظة على السرية. يجب أن تبقى سلطتنا الناجمة عن سيطرتنا على المال مخفيّة عن أعين الجميع ، لغاية الوصول إلى درجة من القوة لا تستطيع أي قوة منعنا من التقدم.

3 ـ إفساد الأجيال الناشئة لدى الأمم المختلفة. من خلال ترويج ونشر جميع أشكال الانحلال الأخلاقي لإفساد الشبيبة، وتسخير النساء للعمل في دور الدعارة، وبالتالي تنتشر الرذيلة حتى بين سيدات المجتمع الراقي إقتداءً بفتيات الهوى وتقليدا لهن.

4 ـ الغزو السلمي التسللي هو الطريق الأسلم، لكسب المعارك مع الأمم الأخرى. الغزو الاقتصادي لاغتصاب ممتلكات وأموال الآخرين، لتجنب وقوع الخسائر البشرية في الحروب العسكرية المكشوفة.

5 ـ إطلاق شعارات ـ يقصد بها العكس ـ الديموقراطية والحرية والمساواة والإخاء، بغية تحطيم النظم غير الموالية لليهود ليلقى لصوص هذه المؤامرة بعدها شيئا من التقدير والاحترام.

6 ـ إثارة الحروب وخلق الثغرات في كل معاهدات السلام التي تعقد بعدها لجعلها مدخلا لإشعال حروب جديدة. وذلك لحاجة المتحاربين إلى القروض، وحاجة كل من المنتصر والمغلوب لها بعد الحرب لإعادة الإعمار والبناء، وبالتالي وقوعهم تحت وطأة الديون اليهودية ومسك الحكومات الوطنية من خنّاقها، وتسيير أمورها حسب ما يقتضيه المخطط من سياسات يهودية هدامة.

7 ـ خلق قادة للشعوب من ضعاف الشخصية الذين يتميزون بالخضوع والخنوع. وذلك بإبرازهم وتلميع صورهم من خلال الترويج الإعلامي لهم، لترشيحهم للمناصب العامة في الحكومات الوطنية، ومن ثم التلاعب بهم من وراء الستار بواسطة عملاء متخصّصين لتنفيذ سياساتنا )

8 ـ امتلاك وسائل الإعلام والسيطرة عليها لترويج الأكاذيب والإشاعات والفضائح الملفّقة التي تخدم المؤامرة اليهودية.

9 ـ قلب أنظمة الحكم الوطنية المستقلة بقراراتها ، والتي تعمل من أجل شعوبها ولا تستجيب للمتطلبات اليهودية. وذلك بإثارة الفتن وخلق فتن داخلية فيها لتؤدي إلى حالة من الفوضى ، وبالتالي سقوط هذه الأنظمة الحاكمة وإلقاء اللوم عليها ، وتنصيب عملاء اليهود قادة في نهاية كل ثورة وإعدام من يُلصق بهم تهمة الخيانة من النظام المعادي لليهود.

10 ـ نشر العقائد الإلحادية المادية العلمانية.من خلال تنظيم الجمعيات و الاحزاب، تحت ستار التعددية، والتي تحارب كل ما تمثله الأديان السماوية، وتساهم أيضا في تحقيق أهداف المخططات الأخرى داخل البلدان التي تتواجد فيها.

11 ـ استعمال الدبلوماسية السريّة من خلال العملاء. للتدخل في أي اتفاقات أو مفاوضات، وخاصة بعد الحروب لتحوير بنودها بما يتفق مع المخططات اليهودية.

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